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Kỹ Sư Kỹ thuật hạt nhân tìm việc

Chủ đề trong 'Câu lạc bộ kỹ sư' bởi t_trongbinh, 05/02/2005.

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  1. t_trongbinh

    t_trongbinh Thành viên mới

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    Kỹ Sư Kỹ thuật hạt nhân tìm việc

    em hiện đang là sinh Viên ngành Kỹ thuật hạt nhân mong muốn tìm được công việc đúng với nghành nghề mình học. Mong các anh có thể chỉ giáo cho vài nơi.
  2. thuyenxaxu

    thuyenxaxu Thành viên rất tích cực

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    Huynh đệ tỷ muội cho Thuyền thắc mắc 1 tí, ngành này có phải là gì gì Nuclear Engineering không ?
    Nếu đúng thì hinh như, bạn có thể kiem job làm cho chính phủ được đó ... Hoặc là những hãng design và bán các dụng cự về y khoa và những hệ thống cung cấp nuclear steam (Nuclear Steam Supply Systems), những co quan lien quan đến ngành cung cấp điện . Một số các tổ chức lớn tren thế giới như là, the Institute for Nuclear Power Operations và the Electric Power Research Institute, họ mướn new grads của ngành này hoặc có danh sách các hãng sở liên quan đến ngành này đó bạn .
    VN biết đâu một ngày nào đó đặt mua và xây dựng một cái power nuclear plant để cung cấp điện cho cả nước thì sao nhỉ ! Hình như VN có quặng Uranium thì phải , dù khong có nhiều, nhưng biết đau trong tương lai sẽ tìm thấy . Lấy Đại Hàn đi, họ đã đặt mua power nuclear plant của Canada từ 10 năm về trước rồi . Hay là bạn kiếm jobs bên nước đó ?
    Thuyền xin phép được trính các đoạn văn có liên quan đến việc jobs của ngành bạn đang hoc nha . Đây là đoạn văn trích từ website của trườing đại học California ở Berkeley:
    Starting salaries are about $50,000 for college graduates, $60-65,000 for Master''''''''s students, $80,000 or higher for Ph.D.s for beginning research positions.
    The nuclear energy and environmental field will continue to provide excellent employment opportunities for nuclear engineers. Geopolitical factors and environmental concerns have resulted in major changes in the patterns and costs of energy use, as well as social concerns which have required solutions for the disposition of nuclear materials. Price volatility for natural gas based electricity has increased the value of electricity from current plants, accelerating the trend toward obtaining 20-year licence extensions for older plants.
    Current national concern for remediation and restoration of government sites, including military bases, nuclear weapons production sites, and other federal lands has led to new employment opportunities. The accelerating trend toward 20-year license extensions for existing nuclear power plants in the last two years has accelerated hiring by Utilities. In 1999 nuclear power generated more than 20 percent of this nation''''''''s electricity, and there are over 100 commercially operating power plants. The US nuclear power industry is massive, with capital investments in the hundreds of billions of dollars, and it comprises less than 25 percent of the present world nuclear power commitment. The need for nuclear engineers continues to grow and will remain strong.
    A firm national policy on energy independence should result in further growth in this field in the early 2000. Introduction of advanced nuclear technologies throught the new "Generation IV" research initiative fusion research, fission will increase the professional manpower needs, as will issues related to safeguards and security, and medical applications.
    The last three years have seen much happen for Nuclear Engineering.
    Medical Applications
    Nuclear processes have an amazingly diverse range of applications, perhaps the most important being in medicine, where over 1/3 of all procedures in the United States use nuclear techniques. Nuclear processes are used to provide images inside the human body, to detect and measure biochemical processes, and to provide therapy. A major event in 2000 was the FDA approval of the first Monte-Carlo code for use by doctors to design radiation therapy for cancer. Based on nuclear reactor design methods, this new tool now allows doctors to take detailed magnetic resonance imaging data (another nuclear technique) and predict with great accuracy how to deposit precisely enough radiation to kill cancer tumors without damaging surrounding tissue. Previous crude calculation methods often forced doctors to cause damage *****bstantial amounts of healthy tissue, or to miss completely killing tumors. Students in the bionuclear program in NE learn how the principles of engineering physics can be applied to imaging and therapy.
    Fission Energy
    The vision of fission energy is compelling. In the last two decades it has become the world''''''''s largest single source of emission-free energy, and it creates a waste stream sufficiently small and compact that we can conceive of isolating this waste permanently from the environment. For fission to provide more energy in the future, our grand challenge is to continue to improve the safety, economic performance, waste minimization, and proliferation resistance of fission power plants.
    The U.S. has 103 nuclear power plants providing over 20 % of its electricity; worldwide the number is 433. These plants have helped stabilize electricity costs, particularly with the recent volatility of natural gas prices. Our nuclear plants reduce substantially the amount of carbon dioxide that world-wide electricity use releases to the atmosphere. Nuclear fission is the only non-fossil energy source that has been demonstrated at large scale, and that could be expanded substantially further. Nuclear''''''''s current contribution is sufficiently large that every year since 1999 the increases in the operating capacity of existing U.S. nuclear power plants from improving equipment reliability accounted for over half of all carbon-dioxide reductions reported by the U.S. electrical industry.
    We now expect most existing U.S. nuclear plants to apply for 20-year license extensions , which means that the existing U.S. nuclear fleet will operate out past 2030. Many of our U.S. plants has been sold by regulated utilities to large owner-operator companies like Excelon and Entergy. Besides encouraging further improvements in reliability and safety, the large technical expertise and financial resources available to these new nuclear-focused companies provides the best possible con***ions for new plant orders. Designing the next generation of fission plants is where some of our most interesting work is now, ranging from planning for light water reactors with new passive safety features, to gas-cooled reactors with extremely durable fuel, to lead-cooled reactors that can burn more waste than they generate.
    Fusion Energy
    The development of economic fusion energy systems is one of Nuclear Engineering''''''''s greatest grand challenges, since such power sources would fundamentally alter the way that humankind interacts with its environment, to the benefit of both humans and nature. In a well-designed fusion power plant, burning one ounce of fusion fuel, plentifully available, makes as much energy as burning 300 tons of coal while making a negligible amount of waste. Worldwide progress toward fusion has been steady and impressive. In the last decade, we have seen magnetic fusion experiments create over 13 million watts of fusion power. In the coming decade, we expect to see the new National Ignition Facility use inertial confinement to ignite fusion fuel, and for the first time reach the fusion con***ions needed in an actual inertial fusion power plant.
    UC Berkeley''''''''s Nuclear Engineering Department plays a leading role in advancing fusion technology, both toward advanced approaches to magnetic fusion using compact toroidal plasma configurations, as well as collaborations with Lawrence Livermore and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratories to develop inertial fusion systems that can operate at high repetition rates for power production.
    Radioactive Waste Management
    Another grand challenge problem that our graduates work on is developing systems for the safe and permanent disposal of radioactive waste. The most significant milestone in this field occurred recently with the opening of WIPP, the world''''''''s first geologic repository. Located 1/2 mile underground in a 250-million-year-old salt formation in New Mexico, WIPP began emplacing waste contaminated with radioactive transuranic elements in 1999. The Yucca Mountain Project is now working toward submission of a license application in December, 2004 to develop a repository for commercial spent fuel and high level waste from early U.S. military activities. Against this backdrop, extensive international research continues to improve models for the transport of radionuclides from geologic repositories, with active participation by the U.C. Berkeley, Nuclear Research Laboratory. The primary concern for repositories is the long-term potential for the contamination of groundwater in areas near the repository, making it unsuitable for use by future generations. Besides improving models for transport in natural systems, efforts also focus on improving the quality of the engineered barriers that contain the waste, so that multiple barriers can reduce further the probability of radionuclide release.
    (nếu có ai không hiểu bài trên, yêu cầu thì Thuyền sẽ bỏ thời gian ra dịch sang tiếng Việt nha . Tất nhiên la đoạn nào Thuyền chịu thua không kiếm được từ Việt equivalent thì một là Thuyền sẽ ráng giải thích, hai là anh em nào khác đó tiếp sức với Thuyền hén)
    Được thuyenxaxu sửa chữa / chuyển vào 09:18 ngày 06/02/2005

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